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Poptart_Cat's Waterfall RSS

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1 point

You are an Anti-Federalist, but you contradict yourself when you state that, "We as a group are also attempting to tax more, which scares the anti-feds..." You basically restate my claim and my evidence which leads me to believe that you agree with me. Stronger/more taxing powers are needed to start this nation which is why we are instituting federal taxes. These federal taxes will help pay off debt, finance important national projects, and it will benefit all of us in the long run. As stated in the Constitution, "The Congress shall have Power to lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defense and general welfare of the United States" (Art. 1, Section VIII).

2 points

The Bill of Rights is unnecessary because the people and the states keep any powers not given to the federal government. You want a bill to secure the rights of the people; however, as stated in Chapter 6, "Regular elections, three branches that check one another's power, the preservation of local governments, trial by jury, and habeas corpus protect liberty more effectively than a limited list of rights" (pg. 69). All of these aspects already safeguard individual's liberty. The only thing that this ineffective "parchment barrier" does is limits rights.

2 points

Under the Articles of Confederation, state governments already didn't have the power to tax people. Because of this, states were not able to fund a proper military. We, Federalists, want a government powerful enough to create its own money and regulate the commerce of all of the states. The Constitution states, "The Congress shall have Power to lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defense and general welfare of the United States" (Art. 1, Section VIII). By enforcing federal taxing, we can finance essential national projects like constructing roads and canals. Federal taxing will benefit the national interest which will lead to us becoming a world power.

3 points

Executive Branch -

Due to the weaknesses of the Confederation and state governments with their nearly powerless executives, it is clear that we, Federalists, need a separate President with executive powers to enforce federal laws and conduct foreign policy. The Constitution states, “He shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the Supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law: but the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments” (Article II, Section 2). This new executive branch would take checks on the legislative branch in order for the different government branches to have equal power. The President would be accountable to both the people and Congress. If he fails to satisfy the people, then he will not be reelected. If he commits crimes, he will be impeached by Congress.

4 points

Supremacy Clause -

The Supremacy Clause sets out at the beginning that the Constitution of the United States is the pre-eminent law of the land to which all states must conform. The Constitution of the United States states, “That this Constitution, and the laws of the United States, which shall be made in pursuance thereof, in the trees May, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, any thing in the constitution, or law of any state to the contrary notwithstanding” (Article VI, Clause 2). With the Supremacy Clause, central governments have more power to handle conflicts that state governments are not equipped to deal with. Without the Supremacy Clause, the federal government would not be able to utilize its constitutional powers in the overall national interest.

3 points

Bill of Rights

We, the Federalists, deem that the Bill of Rights is unnecessary because the people and the states keep any powers not given to the federal government. Anti-Federalists want a Bill of Rights to safeguard individual liberty. However as stated in Chapter 6, “Regular elections, three branches that check one another’s power, the preservation of local governments, trial by jury, and habeas corpus protect liberty more effectively than a limited list of rights” (pg. 69). It’s impossible for the federal government to endanger the freedoms of the press or religion because these powers are not enumerated.



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