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32
30
they should be prevented from they shouldn't be prevented
Debate Score:62
Arguments:43
Total Votes:65
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 they should be prevented from (21)
 
 they shouldn't be prevented (22)

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Aigul455(26) pic



should pregnant women be legally prevented from smoking or not?

they should be prevented from

Side Score: 32
VS.

they shouldn't be prevented

Side Score: 30
3 points

Introduction

The question of the health of pregnant women has become very controversial, because today children are born smaller and weaker than ever before. Very often parents face with different problems such as a birth of a child with pathology under the influence of maternal smoking. The issue is whether pregnant women should be legally prevented from smoking is steel debated. It is very important, as the problem concerns the health of future generation. The number of smokers among women significantly increased because of the rapid pace of life, stress, and the emancipation of women. However, some women cannot get rid of those bad habits even while they are pregnant. So people, think that the government should pay more attention to the conditions, which unborn children are developing in. but there are opponents, who doubt the positive sights of the issue and think that pregnant women, quitting from smoking may face some difficulties, such as stress, negative emotions and mood which can affect the pregnancy. Many people believe that women should be legally prevented from smoking, because maternal smoking negatively influence on mental and physical development of children. However there are some people, who claim, that smoking ban can create some difficulties such as stress, caused by abstinence from smoking

Smoking during pregnancy leads to physical adverse outcomes of infant. First of all, According to Swedish scientists Rydhstroem, who indicated that "Maternal smoking was significantly associated with reduced gestational age, intrauterine growth retardation, stillbirth and neonatal mortality among both singletons and twins. Also everybody know, that the twins are more likely to be affected from smoking than singleton children in general. and women, who are carrying twins, should know effect of such bad habit as smoking on twin births. According to Li the risk of appearing of congenital urinary tract anomalies in offspring was higher among those mothers, who smoked fewer than 10 cigarettes a day. This is explained by the fact, that persist smoking mostly leads to spontaneous abortion and stillbirth. It confirms that even a slight smoking causes abnormalities in the fetus.

Side: they should be prevented from
TimBarry(6) Disputed
2 points

Although the risk of smoking during pregnancy is very high, it is still the choice of the mother whether or not she wants to take the risk. Besides, smoking occasionally could help women to reduce the stress associated with being pregnant. Another Swiss scientist suggests that women on their later moths of pregnancy might benefit from smoking as a stress reliever and a mood enhancer.

Side: they shouldn't be prevented
Aigul455(26) Disputed
3 points

despite the fact, that some people claim that smoking cessation leads to stress and depression, which disadvantageously affects the process of pregnancy, cigarette smoking leads to a much worse consequences than abstinence from smoking, or human rights violations.

Side: they should be prevented from
SoapyTurtle(22) Disputed
1 point

Where are your facts supporting your claim? "Smoking OCCASIONALLY COULD?? help women to reduce the stress associated with being pregnant." Does that statement really even tell us anything? Who is this OTHER Swiss scientist that says pregnant women MIGHT benefit from smoking? I don't mean to be rude I just don't see the point in throwing out arguments with no backing, facts, or warrant.

Here are a few real facts:

Women who smoke during pregnancy are more likely than other women to have a miscarriage.

Smoking can cause problems with the placenta—the source of the baby's food and oxygen during pregnancy. For example, the placenta can separate from the womb too early, causing bleeding, which is dangerous to the mother and baby.

Smoking during pregnancy can cause a baby to be born too early or to have low birth weight—making it more likely the baby will be sick and have to stay in the hospital longer. A few babies may even die.

Smoking during and after pregnancy is a risk factor of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), deaths among babies of no immediately obvious cause.

Babies born to women who smoke are more likely to have certain birth defects, like a cleft lip or cleft palate.

These facts were taken off the CDC website: http://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/tobaccousepregnancy/

Side: they should be prevented from
3 points

Would that not be child abuse or neglect? If the baby is born and has an issue due to smoking or develops it down the line is that not neglect/abuse. You are making your child sick, PERIOD! If someone kills a woman that is pregnant they are held accoutable for 2 murders. So I would say smoking is potentially harming a fetus as well. i would even go a step further. No smoking with children in home. If you must smoke go outside. Poisoning a child is illegal and cigarette smoke is poison!

Side: they should be prevented from
2 points

Great topic for debate!

The angle I'd like to approach it from is that if a father becomes subject to legal obligations resulting from a pregnancy that follows consensual sex, it would seem there should also be commensurate legal rights.

I think it should be legal for the father of a child who is still in the womb to take reasonable actions to assure the healthy development of his child.

Unless the sex was not consensual, I think the father should have some legal rights, instead of none, especially since he can be legally held responsible to care for the child after it's born.

Who is willing to bite?! :)

Side: they should be prevented from
1 point

he does get commensurate legal rights - after the child is born.

Side: they shouldn't be prevented
1 point

Is that so? So Johnny gets Susie pregnant by way of consensual sex, out of wedlock, and law states that Johnny must be allowed to be present during childbirth so he may exercise his legal entitlement to have a say in medical decisions that may effect the well being of his child after it's born? I think you know that this is not the case.

If a woman allows a guy to impregnate her, that is a decision she made that bestows poorly articulated rights and responsibilities on the man. If a man can't legally prevent a woman from poisoning his child while it's in the womb, it's certainly not fair that he should be legally held responsible later on when the child comes out with serious health problems.

In the interest of deeper controversy.. Here's a thought: The man could file a stipulation that states he will not be responsible for the child if it is exposed to Alcohol, Nicotine, Methamphetamines, Cocaine, LSD, Ecstacy, Strychnine etc.. prior to birth. The woman can still do as she pleases, but if she wants to act without regard for the mans concerns, she will have to accept that he's legally released from the resulting responsibility.

My thinking is that if you don't want someone to have legal say about medical decisions made regarding the pregnancy, then don't have sex with them. Further I suppose that if a woman can opt to abort a baby in the absence of a legitimate medical reason for doing so, a man should have the right to opt out for no medical reason as well. So much room for controversy here!!

Side: they should be prevented from
2 points

Women should be legally prevented from smoking, in an angle of law, although article 1 of the international law on human rights, civil and political section states that,

Article 1

1. All peoples have the right of self-determination. By virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development.

2. All peoples may, for their own ends, freely dispose of their natural wealth and resources without prejudice to any obligations arising out of international economic co-operation, based upon the principle of mutual benefit, and international law. In no case may a people be deprived of its own means of subsistence.

3. The States Parties to the present Covenant, including those having responsibility for the administration of Non-Self-Governing and Trust Territories, shall promote the realization of the right of self-determination, and shall respect that right, in conformity with the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations.

However, does it mean that the child in the mothers stomach has the rights to want to stay healthy and grow as a normal child? If the babies were borned abnormal, it would be for life, the get the pain for life, whereas the mother only gets the pain when she starts smoking the that was what she chooses to. The baby will most probably not have a choice to choose whether he/she wants to lead a normal or abnormal life due to the mother smoking.

Now lets look at some negative effect that will inflict on the child if the mother smokes - Babies born to women who smoke during pregnancy are more likely to be born:

With birth defects such as cleft lip or palate

Prematurely

At low birthweight

Underweight for the number of weeks of pregnancy

Babies born prematurely and at low birthweight are at risk of other serious health problems, including lifelong disabilities (such as cerebral palsy, mental retardation and learning problems), and in some cases, death. So in the welfare of the child the pregnant women be legally prevented from smoking.

Furthermore, although the mother can destress when smoking and this is proven by scientist in Switzerland, it still remains a fact that smoking will accompany diseases, child can get borned with defects and mother will also be affected.

Here are some of the diseases the mother can get when smoke during pregnancy - Women who smoke during pregnancy are more likely to have:

An ectopic pregnancy

Vaginal bleeding

Placental abruption (placenta peels away, partially or almost completely, from the uterine wall before delivery)

Placenta previa (a low-lying placenta that covers part or all of the opening of the uterus)

A stillbirth

Thus, I conclude that women should be legally prevented from smoking during pregnancy.

Side: they should be prevented from
1 point

my view is different.Pregnant women should not smoke or else their babies are born smaller than non-smokers.babies are most likely to be born dead.Smoking is bad for the babies health also

Side: they should be prevented from
1 point

They should be prevented because if smoke then something will happen to the baby it will not be healthy. Also some of the tar thats inside the thing will probably go into the babys body

Side: they should be prevented from
1 point

Of course they should. If they don't they are damaging a child. Why is it any different if they are not yet born?

Side: THEY SHOULD
1 point

it is not illegal to smoke around your child in most instances

Side: they shouldn't be prevented
1 point

According to the American Cancer Society, 10 to 16 percent of women smoke throughout their pregnancies, putting themselves and their babies at risk for a number of health issues. In fact, up to 5 percent of infant deaths would be prevented if pregnant women did not smoke.

Smoking affects every phase of reproduction, including fertility, pregnancy complications, premature birth, low-birth-weight infants, stillbirth and infant death, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Side: they should be prevented from
1 point

Women who smoke are more likely than nonsmokers to develop pregnancy complications, according to the CDC. The risk of placenta previa, a condition where the placenta grows too close to the uterus opening, is about twice as high as in nonsmokers. The risk of placental abruption, a dangerous condition in which the placenta separates prematurely from the wall of the uterus, is 1.4 to 2.4 times that of nonsmokers. The risk of premature rupture of the membranes before labor begins is also higher for smokers.

Side: they should be prevented from

You know what, even if it was outlawed, dumb women would still do it. Right now, smart women don't smoke when they're pregnant, dumb women do. Just because something is outlawed doesn't mean that it won't still happen. Examples? Pot, alcohol in the 1920s and early 30s, driving drunk, prostitution, dealing drugs...I could go on all day. Outlawing it might change a few minds, but the majority of women stupid enough to smoke during gestation will just do it anyway.

Side: they shouldn't be prevented
SoapyTurtle(22) Disputed
1 point

So how is it that you are against the change? Not everyone will follow the new rules, therefore we shouldn't create them? I understand what you are saying and absolutely agree with the fact that there are dumb people out there that choose to do whatever they want but I still do not understand why you would be against prevention.

Side: they should be prevented from
2 points

It is true that smoking during pregnancy can lead to serious health problems of mother and the baby but denying anyone of their constitutional right to choose for themselves is not the right answer. Instead, doctors and tobacco companies should warn about the hazardous contents of tobacco and advise pregnant women not to take the risk as it is currently be done. Prohibiting the sell of tobacco to pregnant women would not affect the number of users, but if all the resources would concentrate on advising current and future mothers and target specific audience it would be more reasonable.

Side: they shouldn't be prevented
Aigul455(26) Disputed
3 points

But doctors and tobacco companies warn about the risk of negative consequence of smoking cigarettes and it doesnt give significant results. so the government should pass law under which smoking pregnant women will be fined, or women in pregnancy should be banned from buying cigarettes, as well as minors

Moreover, smoking in pregnancy may cause mental health problems and bad habits in offspring. According to American and Canadian scientists children whose mothers smoked during pregnancy demonstrated low levels of attention and poor memory. Also they have such problems of behavior as hyperactivity and aggression. The study discovered the link of maternal smoking even to academic performance so cigarette-exposed children’s skills in spelling and mathematic tasks were lower. According to Batty, the results of IQ test of cigarette-exposed children by age of 3-4 were much lower. So it means that, such children, in contrast to their peers, face some difficulties in learning the material in the school, in doing homework, because it's hard for them to remember information. Often they have difficulties to get on with their classmates as they are not very communicative. These children often have to turn to doctors, psychologists or neurologists, because of frequent headaches. Mothers of such children subsequently experience a sense of guilt from the consequences of smoking, as it has affected their children. in addition Smoking is a risk factor for later consumption of drugs to prevent to such effects is important to understand how maternal smoking affects on the habits of children. Has been proven that smoking during pregnancy increases the risk that her daughter will also be smoking. It turns out, when a pregnant woman smokes, fetal brain is get used to regular

Side: they should be prevented from
Phreekshow(246) Disputed
1 point

You have no constitutional right to buy or smoke cigarettes! You also do not have a constitutional right to poison children whether fetus or not. What about peoples civil rights to not be unduly harmed by your activities. To live in peace without fear or illness etc. children have no means of escaping the poison of cigarette smoke!

Side: they should be prevented from
1 point

Should we also ban sushi, salmon, tuna, mayonnaise, soft cheese, homemade ice-cream, lox, oysters, coffee, tea, soda, etc.?

http://www.americanpregnancy.org/pregnancyhealth/foodstoavoid.html

Side: they shouldn't be prevented
2 points

I think we understand the dangers of smoking, and whether a woman is willing to put her unborn child in danger is, eventually, going to be up to her. In fact, I'm not sure how you can really enforce legislation like this.

First, it would require doctors to cooperate with authorities, eliminating the hippocratic oath. This would skew the trust that women have with their doctors.

It would be very similar to the issues of abortion, in where all of a sudden the State is barring women from cooperating with their doctors on how they handle their own bodies. What results? Underground expansion.

Side: they shouldn't be prevented

It would go from bad to worse in a hurry. I hope the busybodies don't see this idea.

Side: they shouldn't be prevented
atypican(4873) Disputed
1 point

Care to elaborate any? Who are the busybodies and what would happen if they "saw" this idea?

Side: they should be prevented from
2 points

I partly agree with you. we can say that everyone has rights to choose whether to drink alcohol or smoke. but it's not beneficial for economy of government at all. there are a large numbers of expenses government have to make to help parents of children with congenital diseases.

Side: they shouldn't be prevented
1 point

This will never, ever happen. The supreme court would rule any legislation of this nature as unconstitutional as per their previous ruling that women have consent to do what they wish with their own bodies (abortion). This would be a HUGE violation of one's individual liberties.

Side: they shouldn't be prevented

Since women don't often know they are pregnant right away - don't we have to ban it for all "potentially" pregnant women?

Side: they shouldn't be prevented

after prohibiting the bad, we should start mandating the good too then right?

a government mandate for taking prenatal vitamins anyone?

Side: they shouldn't be prevented
1 point

It is not smart, but it is not the governments job to watch over our health. How would you feel if the government made a law that said everyone had to exercise for an hour a day?

+This comment is not for or against abortion If abortion is legal then why would their be a law saying a pregnant woman can not smoke (assuming it is for the health of their baby)

Side: they shouldn't be prevented

I don't think pregnant women should be mandated to give up their smoking habit.

Side: they shouldn't be prevented
0 points

well apparently if it is ok to vacuum a fœtus into a blender , why would injuring one in any other be regulated , right?

Side: they shouldn't be prevented