Do Fundamental human rights exist?
Can we ever really know what they are? Are they objective facts, or are they just products of our time and culture? What about competing ideas and definitions of human rights? Various attempts have been made to codify universal or fundamental human rights, but there exists no universally-followed list of rights.
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Do you have the fundamental right to life if you are not guilty of death penalty crimes?
The answer is obviously yes. This is why Pro life people are so outraged at the Democrat party that supports no restriction abortions of viable babies for any reason.
To the Democrat party and those who elect them, our viable babies have no fundamental right's to life no matter if they are killed a day before birth.
Our U.S. Constitution tells you all you need to know on this issue.........
We hold these truths to be self-evident:
That all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that, to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed; that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness.
The pasted quote was indeed from our Declaration of Independence.
And no, technically, that document is not one of Laws that are necessarily legislated and enforced in America today.
But the debate topic was regarding whether or not any sort of universal declaration of human rights has ever been written and accepted by all.
Thus, the first thing that came to my mind, as well as the best example of this that I could think of was the DOI.
Hope this helps.