Who is your favorite philosopher?
For me, it is hard to choose between Mill and the early Socrates of Plato. Early Plato delivered me from confidence in my beliefs. He taught me to doubt everything I believed. Mill was a brilliant moral and political philosopher as well as an excellent economist. His essays On Liberty and Utilitarianism put forward my favorite ideas in moral and political philosophy.
David Hume, Treatise of Human Nature.
The "is" and "ought" distinction makes this an auto include to anyones read list. Hume addressed many theological arguments, I am sure many skeptics have been influenced by Hume in some way.
Charles Peirce, The Fixation of Belief.
This needs to be on everyones read list. Forming beliefs sounds easy but trying to describe it in detail is a task. His take on how we keep or change beliefs is interesting. You can see methods Peirce describes that are used to fixate beliefs in many arguments on this site.
He presents modern day social issues with different moral philosophies. He never really tries to convince you of one thought over another, just what's seems wrong and right about each philosophers theories. As far as era goes. It's everywhere from Aristotle to modern day. His lectures can be found on YouTube.
If I could make you believe, I would. My guess is that only the fire of Hell will make you believe, and then it will be too late....but still, you love the pleasures of your sin so much that you will fly high in high fallutin style like a moth into the flames and is it not justice?
Alfonse karr, the French philosopher;- ''The more things change, the more they stay the same''. As a species we think we've become more civilized and sophisticated, but here we are still slaughtering and torturing our perceived adversaries en mass as well letting our fellow human beings die from painful, lingering diseases and starvation without conscience, just as it was since the dawn of time. Karr's observation which he recorded in his proverb is ageless.
This is exceptionally difficult to narrow down.
Frederich Nietzsche: "You have your way. I have my way. As for the right way, the correct way, and the only way, it does not exist." & "There are no moral phenomena at all, but only a moral interpretation of phenomena." Nihilistic philosophy in general has been one of the more interesting and challenging perspectives I have encountered, and as the so-called "father of nihilism" Nietzsche is an obvious inclusion for me. I am also rather fond of his aphoristic approach.
Bertrand Russel “There is one great question. Can human beings know anything, and if so, what and how? This question is really the most essentially philosophical of all questions.” His philosophy is a bit more mathematically influenced than I typically like, but he raises some interesting points for consideration certainly.
John Rawls "The principles of justice are chosen behind a veil of ignorance." For his utilitarian social contract theory and conception of the veil of ignorance, which I do not entirely agree with but which I find most intriguing.
I am just curious how you could call Rawls' social contract theory utilitarian. He rejects most utilitarian theories of justice explicitly in The Theory of Justice and claims his theory to be a replacement for utilitarianism. I guess you could call the difference principle a shade of utilitarianism but I just want to make sure he didn't change his position in his later works which I haven't read and perhaps you have.
Ah, no, that was rather unclear of me; apologies. To my knowledge Rawls himself never identified as a utilitarian philosopher himself, and he would probably abhor that that is the conclusion I drew from reading his works. However, I do find his critique of utilitarianism to be primarily a critique of the then common conception and implementation of utilitarianism... and his own alternative more a revised version of utilitarianism than an actually distinct concept.
I used to think Nietzsche had some good ideas too. Then I read some Stirner and realized Nietzsche's good ideas were, largely, bastardized versions of someone else's philosophy (e.g. Ubermensch, from the Einzige). If you like Nietzsche, I recommend Stirner.
Also, out of curiosity, what do you think is "fucked up" about Nietzsche's philosophy?
I can't think of a better question to enable the CD masses to preach their pretentiousness at one another :D
Ooh I love this one philosopher whose published works I have never read because I read some of their quotes on Imgur and that was good enough for me"
Real deep guys, far out ;)
As soon as I saw any flaw in the reasoning, I got bored with it and moved on to the next one.
And yet... you believe the Bible ardently. I am not surprised you cannot comprehend ongoing philosophical exploration, since you have already taken the word of one publication as conclusive truth.
I studied all religions and philosophies diligently from the time I was a boy, a few years after I learned to read into my early twenties when I realized the gospel of Jesus Christ is the only thing that makes sense. Thankfully, I have forgotten most of the hundreds of books I read on religions and philosophies. I was also into a form of "nihilism". I tried everything, studied all and practiced many religions. When I see the philosophy writings I used to read, it only takes a few lines before I say "wow, how could I ever have been intrigued by this confusion?"
The gospel is so simple a child can understand. The truth is simple. The truth is reality, Jesus Christ is the truth, He is a person you can know, not a religion to practice. Your religion keeps you in the dark because it is an attempt to justify your sin.
We deserve to die as sinners, everybody. We are all born under the death penalty, we did not deserve to be born as our parents did not deserve to live. We all deserve to die, we have all sinned and all fall short of the glory of God. Our sins separate us from God. You probably will not admit this fact before you wake up in Hell, and even then you will try to deny it. Your own dying should be proof enough, but who are you to care?
The ongoing philosophical exploration you are recommending is an exercise in futility. When you know the truth, it sets you free and you don't have to keep working on trying to get a philosophical grip on reality or what may or may not be real. All of this stuff about ungodly philosophies is nothing but self-flattering pseudo intellectual mumbo jumbo of people who don't really know what they are talking about but they say it very well while they pretend to have some kind of authoritative basis of logic or illogic or whatever.... It's really a sad joke.