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Interestingly, this seems to be the same issue you and I were having on another debate. Arguing that some of the bible should not be taken literally is different from saying that none of it should be taken literally. I am arguing the former position, as I believe you are as well. Therefore, we are yet again in agreement, but you seem to think my view is opposed to yours. I hope I am not being condescending, but there is a difference between the concept of 'some' and 'all' that you seem to be systematically ignoring.
"Madman" is an obsolete and oppressive phrase dating from a time when we did not understand mental illness as well as we do today. 'Mental illness' is not a single disease, but rather many clusters of more than 300 identified mental disorders. Are you arguing that any mentally ill person who is receiving support (e.g., psychotherapy, medication, assistance from family/community) is a tyrant? This is manifestly untrue. Only complete ignorance and/or inexperience of/with mental illness could produce such a bizarre belief.
Not all symbolic interpretations of religious scripts are absolutist attempts to nail down one perspective on the truth. Check out Joseph Campbell's work for a very interesting example of this (I recommend Myths to Live By as an introduction). His approach is pluralistic, and interprets religion as a metaphorical attempt to help human beings live a full and psychologically healthy life. He is almost certainly an atheist in the metaphysical sense, but he believes the metaphors in religious texts are psychologically powerful and helpful.
"Mental ilness means that they are physically incapable of clear thinking"
I would be interested to see your evidence for such an absolute belief. Mental illness is not the same as unclear thinking or incapacity for logical thought. Many of the greatest thinkers in human history struggled with mental illness, and the same is true today. You are laboring under the burden of outdated stereotypes, and ignorance regarding the nature of mental illness.
Mental illness does not always equate to increased tendency towards violence. Generalizing this kind of assumption to a gigantic group of people with very diverse illnesses is, frankly, laughable. Consider the person with agoraphobia (fear of leaving the home). Nothing about the symptoms of this illness suggest an increased likelihood of harming someone with a firearm:
A) anxiety about being in places or situations from which escape might be difficult (or embarrassing) or in which help may not be available in the event of having an unexpected or situationally predisposed Panic Attack or panic-like symptoms. Agoraphobic fears typically involve characteristic clusters of situations that include being outside the home alone; being in a crowd, or standing in a line; being on a bridge; and traveling in a bus, train, or automobile.
B) The situations are avoided (e.g., travel is restricted) or else are endured with marked distress or with anxiety about having a Panic Attack or panic-like symptoms, or require the presence of a companion.
C) The anxiety or phobic avoidance is not better accounted for by another mental disorder, such as Social Phobia (e.g., avoidance limited to social situations because of fear of embarrassment), Specific Phobia (e.g., avoidance limited to a single situation like elevators), Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (e.g., avoidance of dirt in someone with an obsession about contamination), Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (e.g., avoidance of stimuli associated with a severe stressor), or Separation Anxiety Disorder (e.g., avoidance of leaving home or relatives) (Source: http://www.medicalcriteria.com/criteria/
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